Croatia extends from the
foothills of the Julian Alps in the north-west
and the Pannonian Plain in the east, over the
Dinara mountain range in its central region, to
the Adriatic coast in the south.
the mainland covers 56,594
km2; surface area of territorial waters totals
System of government:
inhabitants), the economic, traffic, cultural
and academic centre of the country.
4.437.460 inhabitants, capital Zagreb (779.145
inhabitants - the administrative, cultural,
academic and communication centre of the
Length of coast:
5,835 km - including 4,058 km of island, islet
and reef coastline.
Number of islands, islets and reefs:
1,185. The largest islands are those of Krk and
Cres. There are 67 inhabited islands.
Croatia has three climate zones; the prevailing
climate in the country’s interior is moderately
rainy; on the highest peaks, a forest climate
with snow falls, while the areas along the
Adriatic coast have a pleasantly mild
Mediterranean climate with a large number of
sunny days; summers are dry and hot, winters
mild and wet with significant precipitations.
Average temperatures in the interior: January -2
to 0o C, somewhat lower at the highest
altitudes; August - about 20 oC and about 12 oC
on the highest peaks. Average temperature in the
littoral: January - 5 to 9 oC, August - 22 to 25
oC; sea temperature in winter: 2 oC; in summer,
about 25 oC
The majority of the population are Croats.
National minorities include Serbs, Moslems,
Slovenes, Italians, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks,
Official language and alphabet:
Croatian language and Latin alphabet.
The majority of the population are Roman
Catholics, and in addition there are a number of
those of Orthodox faith, as well as Muslims, and
Christians of other denominations.
kuna (1 kuna = 100 lipa). Foreign currency can
be exchanged in banks, exchange offices, post
offices, travel agencies, hotels, camps,
marinas; cheques can be cashed in banks.